Phishing is a form of cyberattack in which fraudsters use fake emails, websites or messages to trick unsuspecting users into revealing sensitive information such as usernames, passwords or financial data. The deception is often done by imitating trusted sources or organizations. As a result, users are tricked into clicking on fraudulent links or using fake login pages. Phishing attacks aim to steal personal identities, misuse financial data or perform other fraudulent activities.
Malware is harmful software designed to cause harm or steal data on computers or devices. It can spread through downloads or infected email attachments and requires the use of antivirus programs and security measures to protect itself. Malware can come in various forms, such as viruses, Trojans, spyware or ransomware, and often spreads through downloads, email attachments, infected websites or USB devices.
Social engineering is a fraudulent method in which attackers use psychological manipulation techniques to trick people into revealing confidential information, performing inappropriate actions, or granting access to protected systems. These attacks exploit human weaknesses such as curiosity, trustfulness, or fear, and often bypass technical security measures by directly targeting victims' good faith.